Gender – Nation – Emancipation. Women and families in the 'long' Nineteenth Century in Italy and Germany

23.-25.11.2016, Konferenz, DHI Rom

Die vom DFG-Netzwerk „Gender – Nation– Emancipation“ in Kooperation mit dem DHI Rom und der „Wissenschaftlichen Arbeitsgemeinschaft des Leo Baeck Instituts in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland“ organisierte Veranstaltung am DHI Rom untersucht erstmals vergleichend aus geschlechter-geschichtlicher Perspektive Partizipations- und Exklusionsprozesse im „langen“ 19.Jahrhundert in Italien und Deutschland. Jüdische Geschichte wird als integrativer Bestandteil der allgemeinen Geschichte aufgefasst. Ziel ist es, die scheinbar parallele Entwicklung der beiden „verspäteten“Nationen hin zu einem imperialistisch aufgeladenen Nationalismus und Krieg innerhalb eines transnationalen Kontextes kritisch zu hinterfragen. Die von der Historiographie bisher weitgehend vernachlässigten jüdischen Erfahrungen des Ersten Weltkriegs werden dezidiert in die Diskussionen einbezogen.

"Italy and Germany have been described as "late nations". Since the end of the 19th century, traditional historiography emphasized the obvious similarities in the processes of nation building with regard to the political dimension as well as to the parallel historical roles of "great men" such as Bismarck and Cavour. Only more recent comparative studies, which highlighted the differences in national cultures, social and economic aspects, have revealed the image of a parallel history as one-sided and superficial. Based on the analytical category of gender, the international conference of the DFG-Network "Gender – Nation – Emancipation. Women and families in the 'long' Nineteenth Century in Italy and Germany" aims at a critical reassessment of the apparently parallel development from national-liberal ideologies towards an imperialistically charged nationalism and the eventual participation in the First World War from a new and transnational perspective. The common focus of the international and interdisciplinary group of scholars is on social, cultural, as well as political participation and exclusion in the processes of nation building, nationalism and war. The notion of nation will be discussed in terms of its inherent aggression as well as a synonym for bourgeois society. Within this approach, Jewish history is understood as an integral part of so-called "general" history. Chronologically and thematically, the conference concentrates on the years between 1848, as the "spring of nations" and as the beginning of the first women's emancipation movements, as well as on the crucial period of the First World War. Special importance will be attached to the experience and memory of women and families in the war, starting from hitherto unknown or neglected ego-documents such as diaries, memoirs and war correspondence within families. In this way, the conference seeks to examine the discursive relationship between war and emancipation, as well as the ambiguous roles of historical protagonists torn by national, political and Jewish loyalties, thus stimulating the current historiographical reassessment of the First World War in terms of gender as well as Jewish history."

Programm