The Max Weber Foundation is a foundation of the Federal Government regulated by public law. Its academic work is conducted independently and is subject to the legal supervision of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research.

The highest organ is the Board of Trustees.
The responsibility for coordinating the academic cooperation within the Foundation lies with the
Assembly of Directorsand the Committee of Advisory Council Chairs.

Local administrative matters are dealt with by the institutes. Overarching tasks and representation vis-à-vis the authorities in Germany are attended to by the Central Office

The Max Weber Foundation is anxious for implementing equal opportunities of women and men. According to § 15 of the constitutive documents of the Max Weber Foundation an equal opportunity commissioner and a deputy have to be instructed.